This organisation is a ‘Public Authority’ established for the detailed execution of the Policies of the Government of India with the status of a ‘Subordinate Office’ to Directorate General of Health Services under Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Nirman Bhavan, New Delhi. This Public Authority functions with the funds provided by the Government of India.
The Port Health Organisation, Cochin was established in the year 12th December 1942 to ensure prevention of entry of Quarantinable diseases (Diseases subjected to International Health Regulations) into the country.
India, a Member State of World Health Organisation has adopted the International Health Regulations 2005 with some “Reservations”. The objective of ‘International Health Regulations’ is to ensure the maximum security against the international spread of communicable disease with a minimum interference with world traffic. The “Reservations of India” to these Regulations is towards ‘Prevention of entry of Yellow Fever into India. [As per these Regulations a Member State has to maintain as many of the Sanitary Ports and Airports as practicable with organized medical and health service with adequate staff, equipment, premises etc.
Cochin Port is an all-weather natural sea port. Among all the Indian Ports, Cochin is located closest to the international routes, being only 11 nautical miles from the Gulf to Singapore route and 70 nautical miles from the Suez Canal – Far East route.
PHO, Cochin is a designated and approved Port for issue of ‘ Ship Sanitation Control Exemption Certificate, Ship Sanitation Control Certificate and Ship Sanitation Extension Certificate to Ships’
Cochin seaport is one of the major sea port designated by World Health Organisation as International Sanitary Port in the western Coastline of the Indian subcontinent.
Precautionary Measures Against Quarantinable Diseases
Yellow Fever : (Precautionary measures taken for Yellow Fever)
- Control of Mosquito-Aedes egypti within 400 meters of the Port Area.
- Ships coming from Yellow Fever affected areas within 30 days to be limited by pratique.
- Check for Yellow Fever Vaccination certificates of crews and passengers coming from Yellow Fever affected areas.
- Vaccination of crews and passengers for Yellow Fever.
Plague (Precautionary measures taken for Plague)
- All ships foreign/coastal must have a valid Ship Sanitation Exemption/ Control Certificate.
- Issual of Ship Sanitation Exemption/ Control Certificate.
Cholera (Precautionary measures taken for Cholera)
- Water, if suspect is bacteriologically and chemically analysed.
- Anti-fly measures and proper sanitation of the ship is checked
- Water is tested for residual chlorine.
- Ships water tanks are checked and asked to be cleaned and cement coated and dated.
- Yellow Fever : (Precautionary measures taken for Yellow Fever)
- No ships are to be permitted to berth without pratique.
- Standard Quarantine Message to be sent by all ships coming from foreign ports and free pratique is granted.
- Check pratique certificate, if coming from other Indian Ports.