- Passengers travelling to and from YF endemic countries (countries where Yellow Fever disease is persisting) are required to be in possession of a “VALID YELLOW FEVER VACCINATION CERTIFICATE” issued by authorized and designated vaccination centers in India.
- Those found not in possession of such Valid certificate or defective certificate as enumerated by the WHO, are upon reporting by the Immigration Officers are quarantined for a period till the YF certificate becomes “valid” or until a period of six days, reckoned from the date of last possible exposure to infection, has elapsed, whichever occurs first.
The Necessary Information For Yellow Fever Vaccine Beneficiaries
- All vaccine beneficiaries have to wait for 30 minutes after receiving the vaccination and
- Inform immediately to the doctor on duty in case of any uneasiness, side effects, rashes , reaction or any other adverse event.
Who should not get yellow fever vaccine?
- Anyone with allergy to eggs, chicken proteins, or gelatin,
- who had a severe allergic reaction to a previous dose of Yellow fever vaccine (Tell your doctor if you have any severe allergies)
- You are pregnant, or could be pregnant now or in the next two weeks
- Children younger than 12 months of age,
- HIV/AIDS patient.
- Immune system is weakened as a result of cancer or other medical conditions, a transplant, or radiation or drug treatment (such as steroids or cortisone, cancer chemotherapy, or other drugs that affect immune cell function).
- Persons with acute/moderate illness (with or without a fever) should postpone receiving this vaccine until they are well.
- Patients with thymus disorder, such as myasthenia gravis, DiGeorge syndrome, or thymoma or Thymus removed.
- Patients with major liver or kidney disease
- Nursing mothers should avoid or postpone travel to an area where there is risk of yellow fever.
- Adults 60 years of age and older might be at increased risk for severe problems following vaccination.
- Recent injections into joint and steroid asthma puffers may take the vaccine.
Mild Side Effects of Vaccination
- Yellow fever vaccine has been associated with fever and with aches, soreness, redness or swelling where the shot was given. These problems occur in up to 1 out of 4 persons. They usually begin soon after the shot, and can last up to a week.
- Most people may have a slight sore arm.
- 2-10% may feel tired, headache, muscle aches, fever for 24 hours starting 3-9 days after the vaccine
- 1% need to curtail regular activities
More Serious Side Effects of Vaccination
- The risk of a vaccine causing serious harm, or death, is extremely low.
- Severe allergic reaction to a vaccine component (about 1 person in 55,000).
- Severe nervous system reaction (about 1 person in 125,000).
- Life-threatening severe illness with organ failure (about 1 person in 250,000). More than half the people who suffer this side effect die. The last two complications have never been reported with a booster dose.
- 1 in 130,000 will get immediate hypersensitivity – rash, itching faint or asthma – this is why you need to wait 30 minutes in the clinic
- 0.09-2.5 per million will get inflammation of multiple organs e.g. lungs, kidney, liver, spleen, skin, blood stream
- 1 in 8 million will get encephalitis (inflammation of the brain)
What if there is a severe reaction? What should we look for?
- Look for any unusual condition, such as a high fever, behavior changes, or ﬂu-like symptoms
- Signs of an allergic reaction can include difficulty in breathing, hoarseness or wheezing, hives, paleness, weakness, a fast heart¬beat, or dizziness within a few minutes to a few hours after the shot.
What should we do?
- Call a doctor, or get the person to a doctor right away.
- Tell the doctor what happened, the date and time it happened, and when the vaccination was given.
- Keep informed the APHO, about any adverse reaction and treatment/hospital details.
Yellow fever Certificate- Only WHO recommended yellow fever card is to be used.
- This certificate is valid only if the vaccine or prophylaxis has been approved by the World Health Organization.
- This certificate must be signed in hand of the clinician who shall be a medical practitioner or other authorised health worker, supervising the administration of vaccine or prophylaxis. The certificate must also bear the official stamp of administering centre; however, this shall not be an accepted substitute for the signature.
- Any amendment of this certificate, or erasure, or failure to complete any part of it, may render it invalid.
- The validity of this certificate is life of person vaccinated i.e. for whole life. The certificate shall be fully completed in English or in French. The certificate may also be completed in another language on the same document, in addition to either English or French.
Passengers planning to travel to or passing through any of the Yellow Fever endemic country even while seated within the aircraft, are required to have the vaccination and in possession of VALID YELLOW FEVER CERTIFICATE in Original at all times, complete in all respects as per standards laid down by the WHO in its Regulations.
Since the Vaccine is developed and prepared in Chick Embryo, anyone having Allergy to Egg protein must not take the vaccination, as it is likely to lead to severe anaphylactic reaction, which could be fatal. Besides this other absolute contradictions are deficient immunity in individuals under medication for Thymus disease, Cancer, HIV/AIDS, on Corticosteroids for any reasons, suffering from any severe allergies. Those suffering from severe Asthmatic conditions should also avoid taking this vaccination.
The vaccination is valid after 10 days from the date of vaccination and duration of its validity is the life of the person vaccinated.
Vaccination ProcedureThe vaccine beneficiary moves in following direction Registration counter → waiting area → Injection Room → Observation Room
- Yellow Fever Vaccination received in India is valid only if it is received from Govt. of India recognized centers only.
- 10 PERSONS ARE REQUIRED IN A BATCH (As the vaccine available vial is of 10 dose each & it is opened only when 10 persons are available)
- FEE - RS.300/- FOR ONE VACCINE, fixed by Govt. of India from time to time.
- There has to be gap of four weeks between two different live vaccines.
- The vaccination services are to be provided as first come first served basis.
- The registration / token distribution system may be followed to maintain the first come first serve system.
- At time of registration, the Travel Document (passport) is to be checked and all the vaccinees are instructed to read the necessary information regarding Yellow Fever Vaccination displayed in the registration / waiting area.
- The vaccinees are informed to bring/keep the Travel Document (passport) and the vaccination fee Rs.300/- with them at the vaccination time.
- All the vaccinees are instructed to wait in the waiting area and the vaccinees are called for vaccination in batches of 10 persons in vaccination room.
- All the vaccinees are informed and allowed to read about the side effects / adverse reactions and other related information about Yellow Fever Vaccination.
- The informed consent is to be taken from all the vaccinees.
- The entries are filled up in the vaccination register from Travel Document (passport) & subsequently the fee for the vaccination is collected and the receipt for the same is given to vaccinee.
- The vaccinees are directed to complete the entries related to vaccine in WHO Yellow Fever Vaccination card and directed for vaccine inoculation. The doctor/nurse starts the vaccination procedure as follows:
- Checks the Vial Viability Marker.
- The required amount of diluents mixed in the vial with 5ml disposable plastic syringe.
- All the bio-medical waste are segregated and collected/disposed in the respective bags at the time of procedure only as per biomedical waste rules.
- The water swab is used to clean the inoculation area.
- The vaccination dose i.e. 0.5ml for everybody is inoculated to the vaccinee with 1ml disposable/AD plastic syringe.
- After inoculation the vaccinees are asked to wait for 30 minutes and inform about any side effects / adverse reactions to doctor on duty.
Yellow Fever Vaccine is an attenuated, live-virus preparation of the 17D strain of yellow fever virus grown in leucosis-free chick embryos. A single dose correctly given confers immunity in 100% of recipients. Protective immunity is achieved only after 10 days of yellow fever vaccination and persists till life of person vaccinated. This vaccine is given as a single injection given subcutaneously. Yellow fever Vaccination Certificate becomes valid only after 10 days of vaccination.
|Type of vaccine||Live viral|
|Number of doses||One dose of 0.5 ml subcutaneously|
|Route of Administration||Sub-cutaneous|
|Contraindications||Egg allergy; immune deficiency from medication or disease; symptomatic HIV infection; hypersensitivity to previous dose; pregnancy|
|Adverse reactions||Hypersensitivity to egg; rarely, encephalitis in the very young; hepatic failure. Rare reports of death from massive organ failure.|
|Special precautions||Do not give before six months of age; avoid during pregnancy|
|Storage temperature||+2 to +8 degrees centigrade|
Yellow Fever Endemic Countries – the list is updated on May-2021 by WHO
|Africa||Central and South America||